Project Description

So, what is Sambo?

Sambo/Sombo is a Combat Grappling Discipline from Russia. The word Sambo is an acronym for Samozashchita Bez Pruzhiya which means Self Defence without Weapons.

The style developed in the 1920’s by Victor Spiridonov and Vasilli Oshchepkov as a means to develop the Soviet Unions Red Army Hand to Hand Combat. Oshchepkov died in prison as a result of the political purges of 1937 after accusations of being a Japanese spy. Oshchepkov spent much of his life living in Japan and training judo under its founder Kano Jigoro. Hence the similarities between Sambo and Judo, yet Sambo also took on board various other grappling styles of the Soviet Union such as Armenian Kokh, Azerbaijanis Gulesh, Georgian Chidaoba, Kazakh Kures, Mongolian Bokh, Tomanian Trinta, Tatar Koras and Uzbek Anatoly Kharlamieva student of Vasili Oshchepkov, is often considered the founder of Sport Sambo. In 1938, it was recognised as an official sport by the USSR All-Union Sports Committee.

That is the History, so what is Modern Day Sambo?

Sambo is divided into two Sections Sport Sambo and Combat Sambo both are Jacket Wrestling Sports administered by F.I.A.S (International Amateur Sambo Federation) and headed by President Vasily Shestakov.

Sport Sambo is a JacketWrestling Sport that involves no striking and the principle of the Sport is todefeat your opponent by a Throw, Pin, and Submission by leg lock or arm lock and is practised by men and women Competitors where a Kurtka (Jacket ) shorts and soft soled Sambo boots. One competitor wear Red the other Blue. You score 1pt, 2pt 4pts Total Victory. Total Victory is given for throwing someone on their back and you remain standing or gaining a submission from an Arm or Leg Lock. This is based on battlefield scenario that if thrown and your opponent is standing you are a dead man or if you have your leg or arm broken you can no longer fight and will need assistance from someone else therefore taking two out of the battle. You can also win by gaining an 8pt majority or at the end of the match having more points.

Combat Sambo the rules are the same accept you can strike, kick and head but you can win by a Knockout as well. Combat Sambo players wear the same equipment as Sport Sambo but also wear head guard, mitts, shin & Instep and box. Combat Sambo is at present for men only.

Combat Sambo is a relatively new Sport and has captured the attention of the Martial Arts especially as Combat Sambo Master Fedor Emelianenko is most probably the most successful MMA fighter the World has seen. This had led to a lot of MMA clubs claiming they do Combat Sambo which they do not Sport Sambo and Combat Sambo are always practised wearing Kurtka.

The British Sombo Federation is the recognised National Governing Body for the sport of Sombo (Russian terminology Sambo) in the United Kingdom. The primary activities of the Federation are to manage, promote, control, regulate and develop the sport of Sombo and associated disciplines.

The sport is delivered through coaching and training sessions, gradings, competitions, seminars, meetings, forums and other channels. It is impossible to produce a single Health and Safety policy that can accommodate all of these different localised environments. Therefore, we need everyone to assist in the process.

As the control body we have set numerous minimum standards and guidelines that need to be adhered to when delivering the sport Sombo and its associated disciplines

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